How to Take Your Dogs to Europe, part 1

 When we told people in the United States that we were taking our dogs to Europe, invariably, people asked, “But, won’t they be put in quarantine?”  It was the issue that frightened us the most because neither of us wanted to plan a huge long trip and have our pups stuck in some cold, awful kennel for six months.  So, I did a lot of research, talked to a lot of people, and spent upwards of three full days at one stretch to determine exactly how to manage our pets’ quarantine restrictions.  Please bear with me as I wind my way through this very long process and don’t be frightened by all of the steps required.

[PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE, for the love of dog, do not rely on this completely.  This is a good guide but take the time to read through the regulations because they are changing constantly.  I will update it whenever I can because I do think there needs to be a good guide on the Interwebs but don't use this exclusively.

Also, I am writing this entirely from the perspective of an American dog owner because there are some slight differences if you are from other countries.  The USA is a "Listed Third Country", like Canada and Australia, so is treated differently than other countries.]

What agencies do I need to know about?

The three major agencies you need to keep in mind are: DEFRA, the USDA, and EUROPA.  DEFRA is the United Kingdom’s Department of Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs, and administers the regulations for pets to enter under the DEFRA PETS Scheme.  The USDA is the United States Department of Agriculture which has a division known as the United States APHIS, which includes one USDA official veterinarian per state.

Prior to the passage of the DEFRA PETS Scheme in 2004, the United Kingdom automatically quarantined all pets entering the UK for six months.  Under it, those who live within the EU and the UK may apply for a Pet Passport, while people from other countries (including the United States) may complete a Third Country Certificate.  Once your dog has a completed Third Country Certificate, he/she may enter the UK/EU with very little restrictions (I’ll explain the few restrictions below) and without quarantine.

EUROPA is the European Union’s administrative agency that regulates transport of pets within the EU.  EUROPA’s scheme is less strict than the UK’s so if you pass the EUROPA scheme, you may not necessarily pass the UK, meaning that if you want to travel with your dog in both the EU and the UK, go ahead and get all the paperwork necessary for the UK PETS Scheme.

*Please note:  on January 1, 2012, all this is going to change and the UK PETS scheme is going to come into line with the EUROPA scheme.  If you will be traveling to the UK prior to January 1, 2012, you will need to follow the steps listed below.  I have put below in asterisks where the new requirements will differ from the current rules.  

Step 1:  May I bring my pet?

The United Kingdom does not allow certain "dangerous" breeds to enter the UK.  Period.  My advice is not to mess with these rules and don’t try and bring them over.  Also, only dogs, cats, and ferrets are permitted to enter the UK under the PETS scheme.  Don't try bringing in rabbits or pet snakes because they'll likely be confiscated.

Step 2:  Find an approved pet transporter into the UK.

Do not book an airline flight, a cruise ship, or ferry until you have checked your plans against this list because these are the ONLY methods by which a dog, cat, and ferret may enter the United Kingdom.

Step 3:  Determine your Departure Date (D-Date).

You could book your trip at a later point but I suggest, at minimum, figuring out your exact date of departure before you begin the rest of the process because the rest of the timing depends on your departure date (D-Date).

If you plan to book a kennel on the Queen Mary 2, you MUST call at least one year in advance because the kennels book up incredibly fast.  All the kennels for the 2012-2013 cruises booked up within 24 hours on the day that the cruise bookings opened up.  Directly call the Cunard Booking department and ask them to reserve a kennel.  You are required to provide a deposit of 20% upon booking but that deposit is 100% refundable until 3 months before departure, so some kennels do open up a few months before the ship is ready to leave.

Step 4:  Call the USDA Veterinarian

Each state’s USDA veterinarian will provide the forms necessary to be completed by you for them to authorize your Third Country Certificate.  I talked to a woman in Alabama and she was incredibly helpful and sent me a big package that explained all the paperwork to be completed.

Step 5: Find a Veterinarian

You will be at the veterinarian a LOT so I highly recommend using a veterinarian that you trust and know will help you through this entire process.  Your veterinarian should be a USDA approved veterinarian, able to fill out travel certificates for dogs, so ask your veterinarian if they have that qualification.

Step 6:  Your Veterinarian Microchips Your Dog with an ISO standard 11784 chip

At least eight months prior to your D-Date, have your veterinarian microchip your pet with an ISO Standard 11784 chip.  This is not the usual American microchip so your veterinarian might need to order it from a specialty provider.  (Please note:  you can actually use the American chip rather than the ISO 11784 chip but you will also need to carry your own microchip scanner.  Our dogs already had the non-ISO chip but we went ahead and got the second ISO 11784 chip to avoid any confusion or problems.)  HomeAway sells the ISO standard microchip for about $150.  The DEFRA regulations state that your veterinarian must provide a “certification” describing this microchip and the date in which it was implanted.

I wrote up the following letter (which you are welcome to copy and use) and provided it to my veterinarian which he then signed in BLUE ink a few days after the microchipping.  Please be kind to your veterinarian and bring your own blue pen for him/her to use!

[Address of Veterinarian]
Re:  [Dog’s Name] Microchip Certification
To Whom It May Concern:

I, [Name of Veterinarian], a veterinarian at the [Name of Veterinary Office], certify that [Dog’s Name], a [age of dog] year old [neutered/spayed?] [male/female] [color] [breed] dog, was inserted with an ISO Standard 11784 [name of microchip company] microchip, numbered [microchip number] on [date of microchipping].

The microchip was inserted between [location of microchip].

[Dog] has a pre-existing microchip at [location of pre-existing microchip] numbered [pre-existing microchip number.]

[Dog’s] owners are [owners’ names] at [address] and [phone number].

Date and signature of veterinarian in BLUE INK

*Beginning January 1, 2012, microchipping must be done at least 21 days prior to the D-Date (much easier than the eight months before!).  You will still need to provide some sort of certificate.

Step 7:  Your Veterinarian Gives Your Dog a Rabies Shot

At the same visit at the microchipping, your veterinarian can give your dog a rabies shot.  The rabies shot must be given AFTER the microchipping.  If possible, I recommend asking your veterinarian for a three-year rabies vaccine (fairly standard in the United States) because it will prevent you from needing to update your Third Country Certificate for three years.

Your veterinarian must provide a “certification” that he gave the dog the rabies vaccine after the microchip, so my veterinarian signed the following letter which I provided to him a few days after he gave the dogs their rabies vaccinations.

[Address of Veterinarian]

Re:  [Dog’s Name] Rabies Vaccination Certification

To Whom It May Concern:

I, [Name of Veterinarian], a veterinarian at the [Name of Veterinary Office], certify the following rabies vaccination:
Name of Dog:
Age/Birthdate:
Sex:
Coloring/Breed:
Microchip number: [ISO 11784 chip number], inserted on [date], between his [location of microchip], immediately before the rabies vaccination
Date of rabies vaccination:
Vaccine manufacturer/product name/batch number:
Vaccination valid until:
[Dog’s name]’s owners are [name of owners], at [address and telephone number].

Veterinarian signs and dates in BLUE INK

*Under the 2012 rules, the vaccination will need to be done 21 days prior to the D-Date.

Step 8:  Your Veterinarian Pulls a Rabies Serotological Test

At least six months before the D-Date and at least three weeks after your dog receives the rabies vaccination, your veterinarian will need to pull blood from your dog and send that bloodwork to Kansas State University.  That is the only approved laboratory to complete DEFRA bloodwork in the United States.  I recommend having Kansas State’s phone number and email address handy because our veterinarian needed to call them to find out exactly what they needed.

The date on which the bloodwork is drawn is the crucial date for your dog because your dog may not enter the UK until six months AFTER that date.  We did this step in December, approximately 7 ½ months before the D-Date, just to be on the safe side, in case there was some sort of screw up and we needed to have our vet draw more blood.

Kansas State faxed the test results back within 2 weeks, showing that the rabies neutralizing antibody titre was equal to or greater than 0.5 IU/ml, in both dogs.

You will need the original test results from your veterinarian.  In our case, Kansas State never mailed the test results and only faxed them to our veterinarian and the fax was sufficient.

*Under the 2012 rules, this step is going to be abolished completely.  Yay!

Whew!  Okay, so I'm going to take a break and finish up this whole process next week.  I know it's a lot but it really isn't that bad.

Previous: Traveling With Dogs Isn't Crazy
Next: Pet Friendly New York: Sheraton Brooklyn

10/27/2011 04:23
This is great information! Thank you for compiling!!
Finn's recent blog post: Wordless Wednesday
11/03/2011 10:14
Thanks! Is was quite a... process.
10/27/2011 07:08
Wow you all really jumped through the hoops! Probably doesn't seem that bad though when it's a choice of being gone for months without your best furry friends or having them on the adventure with you! Good for you all! And thanks for the heads up! Not planning any overseas trips soon but if someone is, this would be very helpful to them!

Waggin at ya,
Roo
11/03/2011 10:16
It has been completely worth all the effort. When we left Chewy and Abby while traveling around the world in the last year, we felt that we left limbs behind (not to mention hearts). Now, we feel complete.
10/29/2011 23:00
This is AMAZING - thank you so much for compiling everything!
Leesia's recent blog post: Dallas
11/01/2011 11:29
Glad we don't have what's considered a "dangerous" breed. I feel bad for the poor people who, for instance, are relocating to the U.K. and can't bring their dog with them because of that restriction. =/
Christy @ Technosyncratic's recent blog post: East Side Gallery: Artwork on the Berlin Wall
11/01/2011 12:07
Wow, that's too bad it's such a hassle to travel to Europe with pets. There should really be an easier way, but I'm glad it worked out for you and the dogs in the end!
11/03/2011 10:18
It really is a hassle. But, like mentioned above, things will get easier when the UK changes to the PET scheme. Still, there will be work. But, it is well worth it to take photos of your furry children next to the leaning tower of Pisa (which we did just a week ago!).
11/08/2011 15:20
If your dog is already utd on rabies & still has 2 years before needing an update do you still need to get the rabies vac? :) <3
Anastasia Alston's recent blog post: Invincible Is An Attitude
11/09/2011 12:08
Anastasia, was your dog microchipped with the ISO standard chip prior to get the rabies vaccine? If so, then you can probably get your vet to put in that information onto a form. But, if he/she wasn't microchipped before the previous rabies vaccine, then, unfortunately, he will need to get vaccinated again AFTER getting the microchip. They are VERY strict on that point and that particular rule is not going to change in the new DEFRA regs.
05/25/2013 14:00
rabies vaccine
you still didn't answer the question
does your dog still need to get the rabies vaccine?
thank you
05/31/2013 18:42
Yes, your dog still needs the rabies vaccine.
03/28/2012 13:40
Hi friends,

I just wrote a similar post, but with the new 2012 rules. Thought it might be helpful if anyone's looking for an update: http://gigigriffis.com/tips/how-to-take-your-dog-to-the-u-k/.

Best,

Gigi
Gigi's recent blog post: On Taking Dogs to the UK
04/30/2012 09:08
Lucia Geiger
if you could repeat the regulations for the year of 2012 again, I would appreciate it. We are planning to move back to Austria in Oktober - November and we defenitly want to bring our Newfoundland with us.

Sincerely, Lucia
05/12/2012 04:33
Lucia, I definitely will because we've actually learned quite a few things while we've been here about how the regulations are ACTUALLY implemented rather than just written.
02/09/2013 18:05
Mel
Hi! We might be relocating to England in the summer of 2014 with 2 English Bulldogs; hence difficult travel companions. I've been looking into every option possible before we get orders. Bulldogs can only travel very few months out of the year. And both my pups are quite anxious and stressed out pups. I'm hoping to avoid planes unless we can take a military flight where I can be near them and cuddle with them. BUT, I'm very interested in the QE cruises. Do you know approximately how long the cruise is from NY to South Hampton? Are the kennels air-conditioned? Can they feel the motion that you know of?

I'm so worried about it but want to make it work as long as my dogs are safe for the few years we are there (and obviously will do the route on the way back too). And I've heard the UK is very dog-friendly and housing won't be an issue either. Would love to hear any comments/ideas you have....
03/05/2013 12:48
Mel, you can read lots more about the cruise itself here: http://theroadforks.com/worldtrip/queenmary2. The cruise lasts 7 days and there's lots to do and eat.

The kennels have heating but I don't think they have air conditioning. But, to be honest, you won't need air conditioning. When we went in July, the kennels were pleasantly cool and the upper deck area was pleasant in the sun. By September, it was downright chilly and we spent most of our days inside. I would think that after September, it's going to be COLD. The QM2 takes a northern route so that we got the full blast of the arctic winds.

There wasn't any motion that we could feel but you can read more about that and other frequently asked questions here: http://theroadunleashed.com/posts/qm2_kennels_faq

England is VERY pet-friendly and we've got lots of posts about it on our blog but you can see the full listing here: http://theroadunleashed.com/tagger?tag=England
05/14/2013 14:31
Maria Blagg
We are planning a trip to Spain in July and won't leave our Dachshund behind. He is small enough he travels in the cabin with me, but I need to know what health certificates to obtain for his entry to the country. We previously lived in Ukraine and he had the serotological test done there in 2010 - do we need to do a new one here and how do we go about it? Any information will be greatly appreciated.
05/22/2013 13:13
Maria, Yes, you will need to go through the whole process all over again because your 2010 vaccination will not be valid. You will need to get the following documentation completed, including rabies vaccine and serotological test: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:343:0065:0076:EN:PDF
05/22/2013 16:12
Maria Blagg
Thank you for your reply. I have started the process and our departure date is set for July 2nd!
05/17/2013 08:56
Carla Deus
I have a question for you...my furry baby has beeing all over to Europe and USA...her rabies shot(was taken in USA)was due for May 1st(first year) but unfortunately I couldn't get back on time and it was taken on the 16th...Now,I have to go back to Europe on 27th and I don't know if I have to wait 21 days because it was "overdue"...Do they accept the fact it is 3 years rabies shot??? I can't wait 21 days... :(
05/22/2013 13:15
Carla, Unfortunately, no, they don't accept that it's a three year shot. We hoped the same thing but the shot must be given every year so I think you're going to have to wait the 21 days. Sorry about that!
05/25/2013 15:29
Carla Deus
Hi Akila!!!

We finally got USDA to stamp the documents but I'll take a chance at the airport as we only will be in conection in Germany...I'll let you know what happened next week ; )
05/31/2013 18:42
Carla, I hope you got in safely!
06/03/2013 07:26
Carla
Hi there!!!
WE DID IT!!!!!
Can you believe NO ONE ask to see any document???
It's a big hassle before the trip but I knew it we would be ok!!!
Thank you very much Atila!!!
Have a great Summer!!! ; )
07/21/2013 16:48
Yay, so glad to hear! Yeah, we didn't have many folks ask us for documents either so I'm really happy it worked out for you. Hope you're having a blast in Europe!
05/25/2013 14:10
Renee
Hi Carla, did you have to rebook or buy a new airline ticket? I'm in the same situation :(
07/07/2014 16:38
Veronica A Cerny.
I gather I need a USDA vet to do the certification of good health. What about the rabies injections and the chip part? I like my vet , but she isn't certified by USDA and I don't like the vet who is. Do I need the USDA certification to Portugal? I have heard that you no longer need it for Netherlands, that any vet can certify to the health of the animal.
Veronica A Cerny
07/15/2014 09:49
You don't need a USDA vet for the rabies injection and the chip. Any veterinarian can do those tasks. The EU system is different than the DEFRA system so you would need to look into the EU pet system rules --- http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/liveanimals/pets/qanda_en.htm

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